The Floating University

Glossary

  • Andy Warhol (1928-1987): American painter, printmaker and filmmaker; leader in the pop art movement; took an everyday Campbell’s Soup can and made it art 

  • Edward Steichen (1879-1973): American photographer and painter; one of the first modern fashion photographers; well known for his portrait photography 

  • Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997): American pop artist; used a comic book-esque visual style

  • Jackson Pollock (1912-1956): American abstract-impressionist painter known for his unique splatter painting techniques 

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Austrian classical composer; operas include the Marriage of Figaro  

  • Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953): Russian composer and pianist; cantata “Zdravitsa” written for Satlin’s birthday praises him for every good thing including the health of children 

  • Eliel Saarinen (1873-1950): Finnish architect known for his art nouveau buildings; designed the Helsinki Railway Station; its decorative elements remind one of traditional Finland, its mythic past, and its distinction from the rest of Europe, communicating local pride, folklore, and national identity 

  • Plato (428-348): Socrates’ student, an aristocratic Greek wrestler, wrote a series of dialogues after Socrates’ death featuring Socrates’ thinking; had doubts about poetry and other arts

  • Thomas Attwood (1765-1838): Mozart’s student; musician, composer, and organist of St. Paul’s Cathedral in London

  • Gustav Mahler (1860-1911): late-Romantic Austrian composer; combined song and symphony and included sounds from nature and contrasting moods

  • Irving Penn (1917-2009): American photographer; known for portraiture and fashion photography; photographed everyone from Pablo Picasso to Georgia O’Keeffe

  • Diane Arbus (1923-1971): American photographer and writer; known for black-and-white photos of marginal people (dwarfs, circus performers, etc)

  • Gustav Klimt (1862-1918): Austrian painter; often painted females with frank eroticism; wasn’t highly regarded in his lifetime, but became very popular later in the 20th century. 

  • Mihály Munkácsy (1844-1900): Hungarian painter; did large-scale biblical paintings; was highly touted in his lifetime but is almost forgotten now

  • Arnold Böcklin (1827-1901): Swiss-German symbolist painter; his works featured mythological subjects along with classical architecture; during his prime commanded the highest prices recorded at that point for his paintings

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778): Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of Romanticism; his works greatly influenced the French Revolution; posited that art allows us to be more complacent with injustice

  • Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910): Russian novelist, wrote War and Peace and Anna Karenina which are considered two of the greatest works of realism; believed art should be an instrument of Christianity and should not be about beauty; rather, it should be about community, goodness, and a reminder that we are all equal under a Christian God; he was suspicious of art because it separated some humans from others